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    Swedish researchers encourage less flying, with new tool to highlight climate impact

    As the climate issue heats up, consumers are becoming more conscious of their impact on the environment. “Flygskam,” or “flight shame” is a word that has received extensive media coverage recently, reflecting the increasing awareness of flying’s environmental consequences. Now, researchers from Sweden’s Chalmers University of Technology present a tool that allows consumers to evaluate the outcome of their different travel options. …read more

    Source:: Physorg Latest

          

    Light and nanotechnology prevent bacterial infections on medical implants

    Invented approximately 50 years ago, surgical medical meshes have become key elements in the recovery procedures of damaged-tissue surgeries, the most common being hernia repair. When implanted within the tissue of the patient, the flexible and conformable design of these meshes hold muscles securely and allows quicker recovery than conventional surgical procedures of sewing and stitching. …read more

    Source:: Physorg Latest

          

    Galaxies as ‘cosmic cauldrons’

    Star formation within interstellar clouds of gas and dust, so-called molecular clouds, proceeds very rapidly yet highly inefficiently. Most of the gas is dispersed by stellar radiation, revealing galaxies to be highly dynamic systems, like “cosmic cauldrons,” consisting of components that constantly change their appearance. Based on new observations of the NGC 300 spiral galaxy, a team of scientists led by astrophysicist Dr. Diederik Kruijssen from Heidelberg University has now managed for the first time to reconstruct the time-evolution of molecular clouds and the star formation process within them. Their analysis shows that these clouds are short-lived structures undergoing rapid lifecycles, driven by the intense radiation from the new-born stars. The findings are published in Nature. …read more

    Source:: Physorg Latest

          

    New report lays groundwork for improving social and behavioral science impact metrics

    While measurement of science impact has traditionally been synonymous with citation counts in academic journals, such counts fail to capture the influence that research can have on policy, practice, and the public. While the social and behavioral sciences (SBS) are uniquely positioned to make this impact and thus benefit society, their true impact is often ignored or overlooked. As a result, sustained attention is needed to help bring attention to SBS’ value. A new report out today establishes imperatives and recommended actions to improve the measurement of SBS impact. …read more

    Source:: Physorg Latest

          

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